Jahresbericht 2022

Intangible fixed assets Intangible assets consist of software of the Company and CO2 certificates. Software is recorded at acquisition cost, reduced by the cumulated straight-line depreciation, determined according to their expected useful life. Under the CO2 act, Transitgas AG is required to participate in the Swiss emissions trading system (CH-EHS) and to monitor and report its yearly emissions. The CH-EHS is set up under the ‘cap-andtrade’ principle. Each year a certain amount of emission allowances are allocated free of charge to the respective companies participating. These allowances are limited and determined in advance by an absolute emissions limit (cap). If a company is not able to fully offset its obligations with freely allocated emission allowances it needs to acquire these through the CH-EHS. Free emission allowances allocated by the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (BAFU) are initially recorded at their nominal value (zero). Acquired emission allowances for the purpose of the own usage are initially recognised at their acquisition cost under intangible fixed assets. A provision is recognised when the CO2 emissions exceed the free emission allowances initially allocated. If there are already acquired emission allowances, the provision is built at the acquisition cost of the acquired emission allowances. If the CO2 emissions are also exceeding the acquired emission allowances, that part of the provision is built at the current fair value of emission allowances. Useful lives are established as follows and are reviewed each year: Software 1-3 years CO2 Emission rights according to effective utilisation If there is any evidence of an overstatement, the accounting values are reviewed and adjusted where necessary. Land Land mainly relates to uncultivated land. It is recorded at acquisition cost and not depreciated. Accounting values are checked and adjusted where necessary. Provisions Provisions are liabilities of uncertain timing or amount. They are recognised when Transitgas AG has a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Revenue recognition IIncome from lease fees represents the income of Transitgas AG during the year. Leasing transactions Leasing and rental contracts are accounted for in accordance with legal ownership. Expenses as a lessee or tenant are recorded correspondingly as expenditure in the relevant period. 43